Kyrgyzstan is one of the Central Asian republics bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan. It is a mountainous country, 93% of its territory is located at over 1000 meters above sea level. Lake Issyk-Kul in the north-eastern Tian Shan is the largest lake in Kyrgyzstan and the second largest mountain lake in the world after Titicaca. The highest peaks are in the Kakshaal-Too range, forming the Chinese border. Peak Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 m (24,400 feet), is the highest point and is considered by geologists (though not mountaineers) to be the northernmost peak over 7,000 m (23,000 feet) in the world.
The history of the Kyrgyz people and the land of Kyrgyzstan goes back more than 2,000 years. Although geographically isolated by its mountainous location, it had an important role as part of the historical Silk Road trade route. In between periods of self-government, it was ruled by Göktürks, the Uyghur Empire, and the Khitan people, before being conquered by the Mongols in the 13th century; subsequently, it regained independence but was invaded by Kalmyks, Manchus, and Uzbeks. In 1876 it became part of the Russian Empire, remaining in the USSR as the Kirghiz Soviet Socialist Republic after the Russian Revolution. Following Mikhael Gorbachev’s democratic reforms in the USSR, in 1990 pro-independence candidate Askar Akayev was elected president of the SSR. On 31 August 1991, Kyrgyzstan declared independence from Moscow, and a democratic government was subsequently established.
Government: Kyrgyzstan is a unitary parliamentary republic.
- The total land area is 191,800 Km2 (74,054 sq. miles).
- The current population of Kyrgyzstan is 6,088,112 as of Thursday, December 28, 2017, based on the latest United Nations estimates.
- Kyrgyzstan ranks number 112 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population.
- The population density in Kyrgyzstan is 32 per Km2 (82 people per mi2).
- 35.1 % of the population is urban (2,120,072 people in 2017).
- The median age in Kyrgyzstan is 25.5 years.
- Kyrgyzstan population is equivalent to 0.08% of the total world population.
The climate of Kyrgyzstan is a sharply continental climate with very hot summers and cold winters in the mountain regions. Approximately 247 days a year are shiny. The temperature in January varies between -4 º to -14 º C; in July varies between +12 º to +40 º C. In winter warm clothes needed and in summer light clothes such as shorts and T-shirts are essential.
The som is the currency of the Kyrgyz Republic. The ISO 4217 currency code is KGS. The som is sub-divided into 100 tyiyns.
1 KGS = 0.01 USD
1 SOM= 0.91 INR